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Thursday, August 9 • 9:20am - 9:40am
SYMPOSIA-06: Historical Perspective and Current State Deer Conservation and Sport Hunting in Japan

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AUTHORS: Masahiro Ohnishi, Caesar Kleberg Wildlife Research Institute, Texas A&M University-Kingsville

ABSTRACT: The hunting culture in Japan began 16,000 years ago during the Jomon Era. Archeologists found that a series of paintings on potteries that demonstrated people hunting deer and boars with arrows and bows. At the end of the Jomon Era, people had slowly developed the croplands, grazing, and harvesting food resources aside from the shorelines. The proportion of the food resources still distributed from hunting, agriculture, and shells from the shorelines, but eventually croplands and grazing became more dominant to produce the sustainable food resources over centuries (Kaji et al. 2013). As demands increased, agricultural productions, the predator control toward wild animals, such as Japanese wolves (Canis lupus), became more intensive and caused the species to become extinct in the early 20th century. The Sika deer (Cervus nippon) populations in Japan positively responded to the absence of their predator animals. Overharvesting deer through a lack of strict harvest regulations and low survival rates of individuals due to the severe winters caused deer populations to decline between 1960 and 1980 (Kaji et al. 2013). The revised harvest regulations protected the female deer populations and contributed to the increases in the population growth across Japan. However, sika deer populations were able to adjust their fitness to different habitat types and their strong adaptability resulted in an overabundance again. Sika deer populations have increased rapidly and negatively affect other species, vegetation communities, and human activities. Due to the unique culture and geography, local biologists have been developing specific overabundant deer management strategies for their specific regions. Sharing information regarding the history of sika deer management methods will provide biologists with unique insights. This symposium talk will demonstrate deer management strategies and policies to enhance research and the management of this overabundant species.

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Thursday August 9, 2018 9:20am - 9:40am MDT
Assembly Hall B

Attendees (1)